Leviticus Lesson 1



KEY VERSE: Leviticus 16:34 “And this shall be an everlasting statute unto you, to make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year. And he did as the LORD commanded Moses.”

THEME: Presentation of the laws regulating the worship of Israel through sacrifices, offerings, Sabbaths, etc.

DATE: Between 1,500 – 1,400 B.C.

WRITER: Moses (Author of Pentateuch 1:1, 6:1,8,19,24) Jesus told the leper to go to the priest as Moses commanded (See Matthew 8:4). (Command given in Lev. 14:3-10.)

WRITTEN: As a manual of sacrifice, a directory of worship, a guidebook primarily for Hebrew priests, but also for the nation of Israel, which had now emerged from Egyptian bondage.

THE BOOK: No. in Bible: 3rd of 66 books in the Bible. No. of chapters: 27 No. of verses: 859 No. in order of writing: 3rd of 5 books of Moses. (Pentateuch)

PURPOSE: 1.To show Israel how to live as a holy nation. 2. To teach Israel how to worship as the people of God. 3. To teach Israel the holiness of God.

DIVISIONS: Two broad divisions: 1. The basis of fellowship — sacrifice (Chapters 1-17) 2.The walk of fellowship – (Chapters 18-27.) Three-fold division 1.Sin and offerings (Chapters 1-15) 2. Atonement and forgiveness (Chapter 16) 3.Righteousness and priesthood (Chapters 17-27)

FACTS: 1.Forty references to “atonement”, meaning “to cover” (Lev. 17:11). 2. Forty-two references – “I am the LORD”. 3. Creation took six days. Instructing Moses on Mount Sinai took one month. This illustrates that the work of grace is more glorious than the work of creation. 4. Leviticus is referred to over 80 times in the New Testament directly and indirectly. 5. Levites were descendents of Levi – the third son of Jacob. 6. Levites began service from twenty-five to fifty years of age. 7. There were three basic divisions of the Levites: A. Kohathites (Numbers 3:30) B. Gershonites (Numbers 3:24) C. Merarites (Numbers 3:35) 8. Parallels “Hebrews” in the New Testament. (Read Hebrews 4:14-5:10; 6:19-10:31). 9. Note with care, as you read Leviticus, historical details and spiritual applications. 10. Select a “key” word for each chapter.

OUTLINE: I. THE SACRIFICIAL OFFERINGS 1:1-7:38 1. The Burnt Offering 1:1-17; 6:8-13 2. The Meal Offering 2:1-16; 6:14 3. The Sin Offering 3:1-17: 6:24-30 4. The Trespass Offering 4:1-35; 7:1-10 5. The Peace Offering 5:1- 6:7; 7:11-21 II. THE PRIESTLY MINISTRY 8:1-10:20 1. The Purification of the Priest 8:6 2. The Preparation of the Priest 8:7-13 3. The Presentation of the Offering by Priest 8:14-30 4. The Provision for the Priest 8:31,32 III. THE LAWS OF HOLINESS 11:1-15:33 Holiness means “separation” or “hallowed” 1. The Application of Holiness –to God, to Hebrews, and to Believers. 2. The Areas of Ceremonial Holiness (Ch. 11-15) 3. The Purpose of these Laws (Physical Health/Spiritual Health) 4. The Selection of Foods 11:1-47) 5. The Regulations Concerning Motherhood 12:1-8 6. The Laws Relating to Leprosy 13:1-14:57 7. The Laws Regarding Issues 15:1-33 IV. THE DAY OF ATONEMENT 16:1-34 1. Importance Historically and Prophetically 2. High Priestly Garments 3. Animal Sacrifices 4. Entrance to Holy of Holies 5. Application of the Blood 6. The Two Goats – One Sacrificial, One Released (16:5-7:10 7. Aaron and Christ V. LAWS OF MORAL SEPARATION (18:1-20:27) 1. Reasons for Moral Separation 2. Separation from Impurity (Kinship, dual marriage, etc.) 3. Separation to God 19:1-8 4. Separation from Evil Against One’s Neighbor 19:9-22 5. Separation from Wickedness in Canaan 19:23 6. Basic Principle Under Moral Separation 7. Penalties Attached to Disobedience 20:1-27 VI. PRIESTS AND SACRIFICES ACCEPTABLE TO GOD (21:1-20:2) 1. Absolutely Necessary Laws 21:1; 22:2 2. Separation Required (In Relation to Dead and in Marriage) 21:1-15 3. Physical Disabilities 21:16-24 4.Ceremonial Purity 22:1-9 5. Protection of Priest 22:10-16 6. Sacrifices were to be Perfect 22:25 7. Application for Believers Today Heb. 13:15,16 VII. THE FEAST OF THE JEWS (23:2-23:44) 1. The Feast of the Sabbath 23:2, 3 2. The Feast of the Passover 23:4, 5 3. The Feast of the Unleavened Bread 23:6-14 4. The Feast of the Pentecost 23:15-22 5. The Feast of the Trumpets 23:22 6. The Feast of the Atonement 23:26-32 7. The Feast of the Tabernacles 23:33-44 VIII. BLESSINGS AND WARNINGS (26:1-42) 1. Beginnings to the Obedient 26:3-13 2. Curse to the Disobedient 14:39 IX. THE PAYMENT OF VOWS (27:1-34) 1. Vows of Persons 27:1-8 2. Vows of Domestic Animals 27:9-13 3. Vows of Houses and Fields 27:14-25 4. Exclusion from Vows 27:26-34


1. GENESIS: Man’s ruin and God’s remedy “The Seed of Woman.” 2. EXODUS: Redemption: God’s answer “The Blood of the Lamb” 3. LEVITICUS: God’s Provision “A Priest, A Sacrifice, and An Altar” 4. NUMBERS: Required Walk of the Redeemed 5. DEUTERONOMY: Obligation of the Redeemed to Work.

Simply click the “Take the Quiz” Button to the right. Have your KJV Bible with you, and look up the answers to the questions on the quiz. You can then answer the questions from the Bible, (Open Book Test)