Deuteronomy Lesson 1


KEY VERSE: Deuteronomy 17:18-19

THEME:Repetition of the law to keep the children of Israel from forgetting.  The two statements, “Beware, lest ye forget” and “Thou shall remember,” are found over and over again.  (See Deut. 4:9,23: 5:15; 6:12; 8:2,11,18; 9:7.)

DATE: Written forty years after Exodus (First day of eleventh month. 1:3) Moses final counsel 31:1-29.

WRITER:  The Holy Spirit used Moses to write the book of Deuteronomy.  (See Deut. 31:9, 19,22.)  His life is divided into three sections of forty years: First forty years: Exodus 2:11 in Egypt.  Second forty years: Exodus 2:15 In Midian.  Third forty years: Deut. 31:2 until death.

WRITTEN:  To remind Israel of her past history and to prepare Israel for days ahead.  While Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers are technical books for priest and Levites, Deuteronomy is written for “every man.”

THE BOOK:  Number in Bible: 5thof 66 books in Bible. Number of chapters: 34.  Number of verses: 959.  Number in order of writing: 5thof 5 books in Pentateuch.

PURPOSE:  To give the law to the new generation of Israelites in the wilderness.  Revision and up-date of the law was to be passed along to the second generation. 1. There was a new generation.  2. There was a need for a new challenge.  3. There was a new leader to be installed. 4. There would be new temptations.

DIVISIONS:  1.Moses’ first address 1:1-4:43.  2.Moses’ second address 4:44-26:19.  3.Moses third address 27:1-28:68.  4.Moses’ final counsel 31:1-29.  5.Moses’ farewell and death 32:45-34:12.

FACTS: 1.Several key words are found: land (153), inherit (36), possess (65), hear (44), hearken (27), heart (46), love (20).  2.Deuteronomy quoted by Jesus and Apostles more than any other Old Testament book.  3.There are at least fifty quotations from Deuteronomy in the New Testament.  4. It was this book discovered about 700 years B.C. by King Josiah that produced great a revival (II Kings 22:8-20).  5.The prediction of a “prophet like Moses” is one of the outstanding passages in the book (Deut. 18:15-19).  6. This is the book quoted by the Saviour during the temptation in the wilderness (Deut. 8:3; Matt. 4:1-11).

OUTLINE:  I. LOOKING BACK(1-4) The historical approach.  1. The tragedy of unbelief (1).  2. The journeys and victories (2-3).  3. The closing appeal to obey (4).  II. LOOKING WITHIN(5-26) The practical approach.  1. Testimonies (5-11) a. The law proclaimed (5) b. The law practiced (6) c. The law preserved (7-11) 1. Danger from without 2. Danger from within. d. The closing effort (11).  2. The statutes (12-18). 3. The judgments (19-26).  III. LOOKING AHEAD(27-30). The prophetical approach.  1. Blessings and curses (27-28). 2. Repentance and return (29-30).  IV. LOOKING UP(31-34).  The personal approach. 1. A new leader (31).  2. A new song (32). 3. A new blessing (33). 4. A new home (34).

MISCELLANEOUS:  Moses, hero of Israel (31-34).  1. Moses the statesman (31).  2. Moses the singer (32).  3. Moses the seer (33).  4. Moses the saint (34).

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