Leviticus is the third book written by Moses. The word Leviticus means “pertaining to Levites”. It is a book that contains the system of laws administered by the Levitical priesthood. The Levite tribe was set apart for the work of God. Aaron and his sons were set apart for this work as priests. The remainder of the Levites was to be assistants to the priest. The book of Leviticus instructed Israel how to approach God and worship Him. It was written by Moses, and the key word is “holiness”. The word holy occurs over 80 times.
Each offering shows His holiness and how to worship God correctly. It shows Israel how to have access to God, and how to live a holy life which pleases the LORD. We see God’s holiness, and righteousness, but it also shows man’s sinfulness. (Lev. 4:2, 13, 20, 22, 27, and 31. See Gal. 3:22-24).
The book of Leviticus is referred to nearly ninety times either directly or indirectly in the New Testament. You will also see the number “seven”. For example, the Passover Feast lasted seven days. Every seventh year was a sabbatical year. Seven lambs were offered at Pentecost.
The feasts and offerings refer to the work of Christ. We see the picture of believers today. Just as Israel was set free, the believer is set free and should live a holy life for the LORD. As you study the book of Leviticus, look for Jesus. See God’s holiness. No man can approach Him on his own merits (works). We come only through the blood, and in that wonderful name of Jesus. (Gal. 2:20-21; Acts 4:12)