The book of Deuteronomy was written by Moses (31:9).It is sometimes called the fifth book of Moses.It was written at the close of Israel’s forty-year journey through the wilderness.Deuteronomy means “second law”.It is not another law, but a summary of the main points of the law that has already been given.Israel was getting ready to go into the promise land.Remember, all those who were over twenty have now died.This generation needed to be reminded and to know God’s plan and law for them.The phrase “thou shall remember” is used several times in the book.It is true today also.We need to read and reread the Bible; teach it to our children and obey.
This book is full of the divine love and faithfulness of God.God’s love prompted all He did and will do.His love brought the atonement of sin and the way to His throne and kingdom.Please note that Christ in the New Testament quoted Deuteronomy to the tempter.It is quoted by Jesus and the apostles more than any other Old Testament book.When you study this book, please note the cities of refuge, 4:41-49; 19b:1-13. (See also chapter 4:29-31 and see His great love.)Bezer (4:43) means “fortification” and assures protection. (See Col. 3:3).Ramoth (4:43) means “heights”.We are seated in the heavenlies with Him.Golan (4:43) means “circle”, the symbol of continuity. (See II Cor. 1:21-22).Therefore, Christ is our protection, provider and preserver.See the servant in chapter 15, the seer in chapter 18 and above all, the savior in chapter 30 and the strong rock in chapter 32.Praise the Lord for the “Rock of Ages Cleft for Me”.
Remember: Always look for Christ when studying the Old Testament.He is there in one way or another.
So let us rehearse, read and reread and realize the Bible is one book in 66.Praise the Lord for His love letter to us!
OUTLINE FOR DEUTERONOMY
KEY VERSE: Deuteronomy 17:18-19
THEME: Repetition of the law to keep the children of Israel from forgetting.The two statements, “Beware, lest ye forget” and “Thou shall remember,” are found over and over again.(See Deut. 4:9,23: 5:15; 6:12; 8:2,11,18; 9:7.)
DATE: Written forty years after Exodus (First day of eleventh month. 1:3) Moses final counsel 31:1-29.
WRITER:The Holy Spirit used Moses to write the book of Deuteronomy.(See Deut. 31:9, 19,22.)His life is divided into three sections of forty years: First forty years: Exodus 2:11 in Egypt.Second forty years: Exodus 2:15 In Midian.Third forty years: Deut. 31:2 until death.
WRITTEN:To remind Israel of her past history and to prepare Israel for days ahead.While Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers are technical books for priest and Levites, Deuteronomy is written for “every man.”
THE BOOK:Number in Bible: 5th of 66 books in Bible.Number of chapters: 34.Number of verses: 959.Number in order of writing: 5th of 5 books in Pentateuch.
PURPOSE:To give the law to the new generation of Israelites in the wilderness.Revision and up-date of the law was to be passed along to the second generation.1. There was a new generation.2. There was a need for a new challenge.3. There was a new leader to be installed.4. There would be new temptations.
DIVISIONS:1. Moses’ first address 1:1-4:43.2. Moses’ second address 4:44-26:19.3. Moses third address 27:1-28:68.4. Moses’ final counsel 31:1-29.5. Moses’ farewell and death 32:45-34:12.
FACTS: 1. Several key words are found: land (153), inherit (36), possess (65), hear (44), hearken (27), heart (46), love (20).2. Deuteronomy quoted by Jesus and Apostles more than any other Old Testament book.3. There are at least fifty quotations from Deuteronomy in the New Testament.4. It was this book discovered about 700 years B.C. by King Josiah that produced great a revival (II Kings 22:8-20).5. The prediction of a “prophet like Moses” is one of the outstanding passages in the book (Deut. 18:15-19).6. This is the book quoted by the Saviour during the temptation in the wilderness (Deut. 8:3; Matt. 4:1-11).
OUTLINE:I. LOOKING BACK (1-4) The historical approach.1. The tragedy of unbelief (1).2. The journeys and victories (2-3).3. The closing appeal to obey (4).II. LOOKING WITHIN (5-26) The practical approach.1. Testimonies (5-11) a. The law proclaimed (5) b. The law practiced (6) c. The law preserved (7-11) 1. Danger from without 2. Danger from within. d. The closing effort (11).2. The statutes (12-18). 3. The judgments (19-26).III. LOOKING AHEAD (27-30). The prophetical approach.1. Blessings and curses (27-28). 2. Repentance and return (29-30).IV. LOOKING UP (31-34).The personal approach. 1. A new leader (31).2. A new song (32). 3. A new blessing (33). 4. A new home (34).
MISCELLANEOUS:Moses, hero of Israel (31-34).1. Moses the statesman (31).2. Moses the singer (32).3. Moses the seer (33).4. Moses the saint (34).